This essential volume covers some of the thorniest issues of musical discourse: how to go about describing musical works and procedures in prose, the rules for citations in notes and bibliography, and proper preparation of such materials as musical examples, tables, and illustrations. Cited as the authority by The Chicago Manual of Style, this classic handbook is the go-to source for anyone writing about music.
1.) Cite it! If you quote another person, you must provide a citation that allows readers to locate the original source of the quote. Otherwise, you will be guilty of plagiarizing (stealing someone's intellectual or creative property).
2.) Punctuation. Make sure you are using commas, periods, parentheses, etc. in the right place. Beware! Puncuation is different for footnotes vs. bibliography.
3.) Spacing. There should be a space between most citation elements, even if there is a comma or period between them.
4.) Indentation. Bibliographies indent the second line+, footnotes indent the first line and the second line returns to the margin. This practice makes bibliographies and footnotes easier to read.
5.) Item format. Make sure you are using the correct format for the item you plan to cite. Citations are built using information that is best suited to the item they describe. Citing a book is not the same as citing a journal article - make sure you know the difference!
6.) Proofread. Always. You can reduce errors by reading through your paper or bibliography yourself OR you can get someone else to take a look.