A citation is a written way of giving credit to individuals or organizations for the creative and intellectual works you used to support your research. Citations help lead readers to those works. Watch the following video to learn more about why we cite sources in academic work.
A citation style dictates the information included in a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.
Each academic discipline has its preferred citation style. That preference demonstrates what kind of information is valued in that discipline.