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Citation Styles

What is a Citation?

Why Cite?

Why Are There So Many Citation Styles?

Academic disciplines each emphasize different elements in citations because it highlights the most important aspect of a discipline's research. For example, research in the sciences often needs to be up-to-date and timely, so often the date is emphasized in the citation. However, in the humanities, the date is not as important as the author and source. To understand what I mean, use the table below.

CITATION STYLE DISCIPLINES WHAT'S EMPHASIZED?
MLA (MODERN LANGUAGE ASSN.) ENGLISH & HUMANITIES AUTHOR & PAGE SOURCE

IN TEXT:

REFERENCE:

(Thomas 92)

Thomas, Jack R. "Weight Gain Awareness, the Freshman 15: A Nutrition Student Public Speaking Project." Journal of       Nutrition Education & Behavior 38.6 (2006): 383-385. Print.

APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSN.) PSYCHOLOGY & SOCIAL SCIENCES DATE

IN TEXT:

REFERENCE:

(Thomas, 2006, p. 92)

Thomas, J.R. (2006). Weight gain awareness, the freshman 15: A nutrition student public speaking project. Journal of       Nutrition Education & Behavior, 38(6), 383-385.

CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE (AUTHOR/DATE) SCIENCES & SOCIAL SCIENCES
AUTHOR & DATE

IN TEXT:

REFERENCE:

(Thomas 2006, 92)

Thomas, Jack R. 2006. "Weight Gain Awareness, the Freshman 15: A Nutrition Student Public Speaking Project."       Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior 38(6): 383-385.